The Balsam plant grows naturally in the Red Sea Rift Valley. It grows upon a type of evergreen that can be anything from a small bush to a tree. They have a VERY pungent odor and unpleasant flavor, making them nearly impossible to consume even for animals. The Balsam plant is also commonly known as pain killer tree among the nomads, the Gorani’s of the Jordan valley use to make pillows from its silk like product.

In ancient times, people believed some plants had miraculous healing properties. The most popular among them was the Balsam plant. Around 310 BC, Diodorus Sciulus wrote an account of the significance of Balsam plant to the Nabateans. He spoke of Balsam as a vital medicine needed by all physicians. As it did not grow anywhere else in the world it became a source of immense income for the Nabateans. The value of this commodity caused Cleopatra to seek control of its source. The Balsam plant was also called Myrrh, by the virtue of its sour taste. 

(Right) ''Liquid Myrrh'' coming out of the Balsam Plant as milk "Laban”. The white substance is Sour in taste and therefore the name Myrrh. ("Mour" means very sour in arabic language.)  

The Balsam plant has been used by traditional healers for a very long time. It has been known to be medicinal, and was revered for its unusual healing properties. 

From the book ''The Holy Family in Egypt'' by F.A.Meinardus:
''In spite of this, Herod had to relinquish the coasts of Palestine to Cleopatra, and also the city of jericho which was famous for its beautiful gardens and plantations. Here, according to Flavius Josephus, was the famous plantation of balsam trees which the Queen of Sheba had presented to King Solomon. Cleopatra transplanted some of these trees to Heliopolis, where they were cared for by Jewish gardeners from the Jordan valley...''

(Left) In yemen in Hadramut   at the Sayun museum. I found the above plant leaf seal taken from a well in the area. This leaf is identical with the balsam plants leaf found in the Dead sea area and in around Hadramut in Yemen.

Hatshepsut, the well known 18th Dynasty Queen, inscribes a detailed account of an expedition on the second terrace of the Deir El Bahri temple (1473-1458 BC) in Luxor. This was a voyage to the land of Hathor, undertaken in the summer of Hatshepsut's eighth year of reign. Upon her return, her ships were heavily loaded with fresh Myrrh trees (Balsam), and the green gold of Amu. The inscriptions regarding the expedition stated that the goddess Hathor (Lady of Punt), guided the expedition to the new lands, thereby identifying all the products from there with the Mother Goddess.

(Right) A relief from Deir El Bahri temple shows men of the expedition of Punt carrying a basket with a transplanted Myrrh tree to their ship. According to Dr Qumni of Egypt the mysterious land of Punt that has been mentioned in Deir El Bahri is about Petra region and not Somalia as has been suggested by many scholars. 

It also seems that the ancients related all plants containing a white milky substance with the cow- headed Goddess Hathor. This “milk” was considered as her gift of the Tree of life. Hathor was the revered protector of womanhood; the lady of the Sycamore tree, the lady of Turquoise; Goddess of love, tombs and song. It was from the milk of Hathor that the pharaohs were said to gain their divinity, thereby becoming Gods in their own right. They were said to feed on the milk of Hathor, just as the Babylonian kings had fed on the milk of Ishtar. 

    (left) The Myrrh plant as seen in the relief of the temple of Hatshepsut in Deir El Bahri.
(Right) The Balsam/Myrrh plant as seen in Nature.

Moses was asked to use this plant as a main ingredient in the anointing oil. According to my understanding and research, the Balsam plant is mentioned in the Bible under the name ''Liquid Myrrh''. Liquid Myrrh was a main ingredient of the anointing oil Moses was asked to prepare before the Tent of the Meeting. 

Exodus: 30:22 - 33, Then the Lord said to Moses:
"Take the following fine spices: 500 shekels of liquid myrrh, half as much (that is, 250 shekels) of fragrant cinnamon, 250 shekels of fragrant cane, 500 shekels of cassia&shyp - all according to the sanctuary shekel - and a hin of oil. Make these into a sacred anointing oil, a fragrant blend, the work of a perfumer. It will be the sacred anointing oil. Then use it to anoint the Tent of Meeting, the ark of the Testimony, the table and all its articles, the lampstand and its accessories, the altar of incense, the altar of burnt offering and all its utensils, and the basin with its stand. You shall consecrate them, so they will be most holy, and whatever touches them will be holy.

"Anoint Aaron and his sons and consecrate them so they may serve me as priests. Say to the Israelites, 'This is to be my sacred anointing oil for the generations to come. Do not pour it on men's bodies and do not make any oil with the same formula. It is sacred, and you are to consider it sacred. Whoever makes perfume like it and whoever puts it on anyone other than a priest must be cut off from his people." 

Archeologists in 1990's have uncovered an ancient Jewish village on the edge of the Dead Sea in En-gedi, which contained the lost secret of the production of the prized balsam oil used to anoint the kings of Judah and other monarchs in the ancient world.

The village, which was abandoned after a fire in the 6th century AD . And the entrance to the balsam factory was sealed with a stone.

These discoveries explain the meaning of a curse inscribed on the mosaic floor of a magnificent synagogue discovered in the area 25 years ago: “Cursed be he who reveals the secret of the village to the Gentiles”. This is now viewed as a reference to the oil-production formula.

The balsam produced at En-gedi around the 6th century BC was regarded as the finest in the ancient world, according to the ancient Roman historian Pliny the Elder, the Jewish chronicler Josephus, and Talmudic writers.

David was ordered to consult the oracle of the Balsam tree before going to war (Samuel II 5:24).

(Left) Balsam tree depicted in the Arabic translation of Dioscorides's "De Matria Medica". Photo taken from the book: Egyptian Luxuries by Lisa Manniche. On the left hand side of the photo it says BALSAN in Arabic.

From the Akashic Records of Thoth (by Maia):
The Balsam Plant had been introduced directly from Atlantis into Egypt and some areas of Asia and South America long before the Deluge, it did not make its way into the Assyrian experience until Noah finally arrived with it much later.

Noah, biblically famed for his voyage with the Ark, was actually carrying genetic strains of different plant species aboard the Ark as well as animal life. The Balsam plant was one of the plants carried on the Ark of Noah transported into the Assyrian lands where his Ark finally came to rest after the Great Flood. However, that was in a period when the region was far more humid and sub-tropical.

In the ancient days, the Balsam Plant was grown in the Gardens of Jershoeb in the Assyrian lands. These gardens contained all the most sacred plants and herbs that had survived the Atlantean Deluge. These plants and herbs were of a very high vibration, and there were certain times when auric lights could be seen in and over the Gardens of Jershoeb. In those days, the Balsam was especially prized for aiding the body in maintaining longevity, since life spans were beginning to shorten dramatically, and ways were being sought to rectify that situation.

*Written by Rami Sajdi, Copyright © Rami Sajdi 2007 All Rights Reserved

The Balsam Plant - Myrrh Plant