The Shaman of the Jordan Valley
Hamad Issa Al-Ouaini, who lives in the Jordan Valley, Believes that the cure foe epilepsy is the language of the Koran. The patient needs the help of someone who is versed in dealing with the Djin (to which he also refers as spirits).

According to Hamad, there are two sorts of epilepsy: the first one is due to the spirits that take possession of the patient. It cure requires the intervention of a shaman (to perform an exorcism) who is versed in the Koran, the Sunna, as well as herbs. The second type is physical which needs to be treated by a physician. Hamad adds that at times a patient could be suffering from both types simultaneously.

Iblees (Satan) according to Hamad, has many names which he uses interchangebaly. They include Abou Murrah and Maymoun. He also has progeny who include, on the male side, Al Ahmar (The Red), Al Abyad (The White) and Deebad. On the Female side they include Zaytouneh (olive) and Tifleh (Child) who stays a child all her life. The latter has a trick where she projects her voice, crying like a child, to a motorist, who would stop to investigate, but find nothing. Then, when he resumes his journey, he would hear the same crying sound every few miles or so, until he would lose his mind.

The Djin, according to Hamad, include Muslims, Christians, And Jews, as well as pagans and worshippers of fire, as well as some without religion. Their king is Iblees. They were created on the earth two thousands years before Adam, but they started killing each other in the course of wars and crimes that were rampant, so the angels descended to earth to discipline them. The angels gathered the djin and incarcerated them on islands, except for Iblees who had an element of the fear of God in him, which had prevented him from killing other djin. Therefore, Iblees was taken to heaven to witness the creation of Adam, whereupon the the angels said to God: "Why put on earth someone who would shed blood when we are there to praise you ?" But God said to them: " I know that which you do not." The angels did not know the names of the animals on earth, which God had taught to Adam. Unlike the angels, Adam was created of mud, which alarmed the angels when he awoke and sneezed, whereupon God said to him: "Bless you."

Hamad maintains that this story is related in the Koran and in the Sunna. He maintains that the four archangels Gabriel, Meka'eel, Israphel and Izra'el the angel of death. He believes that every angel has assistants; the Angel of death, for instance, has five assistants, which is how he manages to retrieve the souls of so many people who are geographically so far apart. According to hamad, there is a tree, guarded by the Angel of death, whose leaves represent a human being each. Every leaf has written on it the name of one human, as well as the day, date, and place of his death. Every forty days, leaves fall from the tree and turn yellow, whereupon one of the assistants picks up the leaf and goes to retrieve the soul of the person to whom it refers. This they do only by the power vested in them by God, who alone knows when each leaf ill fall.

The Djin (Jinn) of the Jordan Valley:
In the Jordan valley, there are two tribes that deal with the djin, the Ouaini and the Ujailin. Gypsies also deal with Djin, but only with the dregs of Djin society. Every member of these tribes possesses knowledge which he teaches to his sons, thus keeping the tradition alive. This knowledge may be transmitted to the son while he is still unborn, in his mother's womb, through the intermediary of the djin with whom the father deals.

The Ujailin perform magical feats similar to those of the Israelites, such as falling on a sword that penetrates the performer to come out from his back, and flame swallowing. The Ujailin originate from Palestine, and Hamad believes them to be originally Israelite Jews, who converted to Islam.

As for the Ouaini tribe, they originate from Saudi Arabia, and the djin with whom they deal speak with a Saudi accent. He relies on the spirits to cure his patients, who seldom know what is wrong with them. But he does not always deal with the same spirit. He communicates with a Muslim, Christian, and Jewish spirit, as well as one that is pagan, and sometime even with the Devil, in order to cure the patient. The healer should know the Koran which does not mean memorising it by heart from beginning to end, but understanding it. Hamad prefers to deal with the Muslim djin since the latter knows the Koran.

Incense comprises thousands of types. It includes the incense of the virtuous which has a beautiful smell and which can be used domestically. Reach incense has a specific use in a cure be extracted from it.

The relation between the djin and incense is a direct one. Good djin go with good-smelling incense, and vice verse, since the bad djin live in dirty houses. However, one needs to use the incense that each djin likes, whether it smells good or bad, in order to please him and to extract from him the information needed about the patient.

The djin speak to Hamad in a clear voice and in a clear Arabic. The djin normally speak in the accent of the country that they inhabit; but in China there is a tribe of djin that speak in Arabic. When one of them possesses a Chinese person, the latter begins to speak in Arabic. In Syria there is only one tribe of djin that speaks in the local dialect, and the same in India. But the area most heavily populated with tribes of djin is that from the Jordan Valley to Saudi Arabia.

Hamad believes that Solomon dealt with all sorts of djin, including the lower and the higher ones. The higher djin can not descend to earth, but if they afflict a human being, he can not be cure by a doctor nor by a shaman. The afflictions of the lower djin can be treated through the Koran and the Sunna. The lower djin can adopt any form they wish, be it of an animal or an inanimate object, except for water. They can not assume its form.

In the Valley there is one sort of djin; but there is an area called Shatar(Ancient site of Sodom & Gomora), where another type of djin, called Ajam lives. This is a wicked sort of djin it is not Muslim, and they have a lot of hate.

Hamad believes that Ishmael was accompanied by djin on the rug that he used. There is also another type of djin called Tabe'ah (meaning flower), along with eleven other names. This djin can cause a pregnant woman to abort, but it is possible to ward them off by reciting specific verses from the Koran.

The Angels language, according to Hamad, is the Syriac language as he calls it (Syriac is the same as Aramec). There are some djin who speaks it, and sometimes it is impossible to talk to them except in this language. For instance, if you refer to god, he would not understand, until you pronounce the synonym of the word in Syriac, which is "braikatey". The only difference between this and other djin its language. In order to call the djin for someone, Hamad needs to know the name of the person and that of his mother.

Hamad also has a theory concerning the female camel of Saleh, that it had been pregnant and had birth before it was slaughtered, therefore its litter would come a second time to earth, descending from the same place as its mother, which had come from the sky.

On Petra, Hamad maintains that it was not built by humans, who could never build such a peculiar city, nor reach such high places to carve the decorations. Therefore, he believes that the monuments must have been built by djin. These abound in the Petra area, and their tribes include Muslims, Christians, and Jews, and well as devils.

The Mandal is a method by which the Sheikh can find lost or stolen objects. It can be read by using a mirror while reciting certain Koranic verses, thought others prefer to hold the mirror under water. Others still prefer a cup full of oil, but any flat surface, even a plain wall can serve for the purpose. Usually, the object sought appears in the mirror, rolling at a very high speed. One should not be frightened by this. After some time, one reaches the area where he lives, and there he sees the lost or stolen object, the thief, as well as when and how the thief was perpetrated. However, it is better to burn incense in order to open the mandal, and sometimes a specific type of incense is required, such as Lebban Aldakar and deer's blood.

Lot, according to Hamad:
Lot, according to Hamad, was the cousin of Abraham, who could not speak Arabic. When Abraham became too old, he entrusted the task of evangelising to Lot, who came to Sodom, on the western shore of the Dead Sea, to preach to its people. They were of such wickedness that they preferred homosexual intercourse. In doing so they incurred the wrath of god. He sent to them the Archangel Gabriel who lifted the area from the village of Karameh (in the southern valley) until Jericho on his wing, and he tipped it upside down, so that the Dead Sea appeared in its place.

The angels do not have a specific form, nor gender, nor do they have an appetite for food or sex like humans and djin.

Before Islam, people used to hide their gold and treasure by buying it and appointing a guardian (rasad) which could be any creature: A snake, a cow, or even a human to keep it safe. This was done by slaughtering the appointed guardian and leaving its body. One year later, a djin comes to inhabit the dead body and starts to guard the treasure. Solomon, for instance, relied on the djin extensively to guard his gold. This, Hamad believes, is very effective because the djin keep their promises much more than humans, so they would be willing to guard the treasure for thousands of years, and the djin would pass the responsibility upon his descendants. But it is possible to cancel the spell by reciting specific verses of the Koran. Naturally, since the djin live so much longer than humans, they tends to know a great deal more.

Hamad believe that the fire of Hell complained to God that it was isolated till it started feeding on itself, so God permitted it to breath twice each year, once on a summer day, and again on a winter day. He also believes that the Valley is the gateway to Hell. This is the only way to explain why the Valley is so hot, even though it is very low, and therefore further from the sun than more elevated places like Amman and Karak. But God has seen fit to place the gate of Hill in the Valley because, had it been over Amman or Karak, then the combined effect of its heat, as well as the sun, would set these cities ablaze.

    *Written by Rami Sajdi, Copyright © Rami Sajdi 1997 All Rights Reserved