There’s little effort to conserve the folk knowledge of the bedouin nomadic shepherds. This folk knowledge or oral intangible heritage can very much be helpful and  inspiring for the serious researcher one day in the future. And it seems that the whole body of knowledge about the desert and the plants is going to be lost in the next generation for ever.
 
The effect of wild food and these high alkaloid plants on Camels and Goats milk has been a part of the human experience since ancient times, yet many people are unaware of the significance that these plants have had in shaping the minds and tribal mood of early cultures. Consciousness & Shepherd’s Wild Food
 
The numerous alkaloid plants provided not only food for the physical body but food for the so called the light-body, or the dream-body. It provided active chemicals that have played a major role in the early stage of evolution of the human beings and their cultural and spiritual-religious development through the ages. It should that these plants chemistry had subtle effect on the human mind, mood, and consciousness. Understanding this relation along with their active chemical principles may indeed have far-reaching better understanding of the human cultural and spiritual development. 
 
The Shepherd’s Flora of South Jordan
Ash Sharah Artemisia Judaica (Bedouin: Ba’ethran) is a species of wormwood, native to the Ash Sharah highlands. used by the bedouins to repel fleas and snakes. In the desert many artemisia species are used as tea and for flavouring  milk.  Artemisia is a large, diverse genus of plants with more than 200 species belonging to the Daisy family, known for their volatile oils. Most species have strong aromas and bitter tastes from terpenoids and sesquiterpene lactones. All species of artemisia is major fodder for goats.
Artemisia Herba-alba Wormwood (Bedouin: Sh’eh)  is another varity of the daisy family which loves to grow on the red vains as seen in the photo. Most artemisia if taken in large doses it may have some hallucinogenic properties. In witchcraft, some kind of artemisia believed to have multiple effect on the psychic abilities of the practitioner. Common names used for several species include wormwood and Absinth.
Santolina arabica (Bedouin:Je’dah) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, a small woody shrub that grows commonly on the steppes of Ash Sharah. This specie is widely used in bedouin traditional remedy for all intestinal disturbances and colds. Ja’edah, Ba’ethran and Sh’eh infusion when drunk in the  morning is said to clean the liver.
A herbs mix include that include desert Chamomile (Bedouin: Houthan, Hawethan), Achillea arabica “Yarrow” (Bedouin: Gauysoum) and Ochradenus baccatus (Bedouin: Samen), used by the Shepherds as tea and for cold or stomach illness. This was the shepherd tea for millennia before tea introduction.
Cassia Senna (Bedouin: Sanamacah, Senna Mekki) in wadi Arabah. This plant seed pod is used in traditional medicine in many parts of the Arab countries. It is used in the treatment of influenza, asthma, and nausea. The Cassia was one of the ingredients of the anointing oil used by Moses. Lower: Seed pods as found in nature.
Salvadora persica (Bedouin: Araak, Siwaak or Miswaak) with fruits at Wadi Arabah. 
Its leave and small branches provide good fodder livestock most specially in the saline areas, were there is little vegetation. It is very well known throughout the desert traditional medicine not only for teeth cleaning but also for sores, swollen spleen, fever and headache. Its powdered bark is used in the treatment of snake and scorpion bites.
The bedouin shepherds, hang a pouch of gloves on the nick of the baby camel as soon as they are born to protect them form dyeing from smelling human perfume.  Lower: Fatmeh Mohamad Al Agra’ of the Saidiyin tribe of Al Reshah. The perfume and the baby camel death is a fact and according to Fatima she prefer to put  Harmal seeds inside the pouch so as the Ammarin tribe.
Shaggy Sparrow wort (Bedouin: Zeknan) fire
Shaggy Sparrow wort (Bedouin: Zeknan) in Petra,  used to make robs also used to kill tooth pain. Its smoke is also disliked by bedouins. Its used for the fires out side the tent. It burn quickly and it have very hot fire. However the Ammarin tribe women refuze to deliver “give birth” underneath such tree under any circumstances, as its believed that the baby will always be born mentally ill.
The White Broom (Bedouin: Ratam) sticks made like pins by the bedouins for fixing the tent sides tight during wind and rain season.
Pistachio terebinth of Petra is a member of the same genus as pistachio mastic. Pistacia terebinth is native to Petra rock formation. This is common food for the ancient nomad and by today's bedouins.
The photo is taken for the ground from under the tree. In the photo, you can see the syrian rue seed pods along with incense gum that dropped from the tree, along with few twigs from the Juniper tree that is not seen in the photo along with few other woody shrubs. Such fires were used by nomadic shepherds  for cooking and heating. The combination of such plant chemistry when burned diffidently would have an effect on the shepherd inhaling such fumes when preparing the fire to get warm or cook tea or food. The fumes if inhaled by a smoke pipe would provided chemicals that would have strong effects to the human mind. It is such fires, and such sacred places in the desert with its sacred desert Alkoliodal Plants,  altering the normal functions of the mind and body. This land seems not only accommodated the tribes nicely but it has influenced the tribes spiritual and intellectual growth. The precious metal minerals of region Cambrian age (542 - 488 million years ago) rock formations  exposure to the surface with its meteoric debris and  its  unique high alkoloid plant life seems to be responsible for taking the human consciousness to a higher level of intelligence. The active chemicals in  plants  not only  provided food for the physical body but food for the so called lightbody, or the dreambody.
Ash Sharah Phoenician Juniper (Bedouin: Ara’r) from the cypress family. The female seed cones are very distinctive, with fleshy, fruit-like coalescing scales which fuse together to form a "berry"-like structure. This was common food for the ancient nomad and the shepherds. A bedouin dish called Barwash was made by boiling the berries during famines in the early 90’s.
Ash Sharah Phoenician Juniper berries
Petra Colutea Istria (Bedouin: Sandegoug) is known as bladder senna. The fruit is an inflated bladder pod which dries to a papery texture.
The Ephedra is climbing on the Acacia tree in wadi Arabah. Among some gulf state tribes the Ephedra (Bedouin: Ausaj) is considered to be under the special protection of Spirits.
This is a deciduous tree growing up to 6 meters tall. Old trees may have trunks measuring two meters in diameter; it may take 200 years for a tree to reach one meter wide.
The Petra Squill, Urginea maritima (Bedouin: Giessalan) from the family Liliaceae. In the desert the flowers pop out all over the country at the end of the dry summer, some time before the first rain. The juice of the bulb causes blisters when put in contact with skin. The most active compounds in the plant are scillirosides, especially proscillaridine. Found in wadi Rum and wadi Arabah also. The bulbs of this and other desert species were roasted, boiled or made into a porridge by the bedouins of Arabia during famine.
The Wild Figs of Wadi Rum, is a specie of Ficus. Most Ficus species are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone like the wild Sinai fig. In the tropics the Ficus tree is importance throughout the tropics, as objects of worship in most indigenous cultures.
The fig tree (Bedouin: Teen) is indigenous to the rock and gorges of Wadi Rum, Petra, and Sinai. The fruits of this tree is common food for the ancient nomad and the shepherd boys, however the fruits of the wild fig tree is not recommended to be eaten on an empty stomach early in the morning. As it might case some delusion, a property that gave the tree name “Crazy fig” by some bedouins. Its white milky sap is also used by bedouins for curdling milk for cheese making. Its  leaves is burnt on charcoal along with harmala seeds inside a tent for inhalation, is used for goat herd treatment. A treatment used by the Judeilat of the Bedoul tribe if the goat herd started to give runny and not thick consistence milk.
The vine Loranthus-acaciae with its unique red flowers and olive like fruit shape  which grow on top of the acacia trees as semi parasitic plant, seems to grow also on the white Broom bush as in the above photo in wadi Namalah in wadi Arabah.  According to Manly P Hall in his book, “The secret teachings of all ages”: “Certain plants, minerals, and animals have been sacred among all the nations of the earth because of their peculiar sensitiveness to the astral fire - a mysterious agency in Nature which the scientific world has contacted through its manifestations of electricity and magnetism. Lodestone and radium in the mineral world and various parasitic growths in the plant kingdom are strangely susceptible to this cosmic electric fire, or universal life force.”
Dried desert Thyme (Bedouin: Za’tar). Its fragrance is particularly strong on the western vallys of wadi Rum.
Smoke from the seeds kills algae, bacteria, intestinal parasites and molds. Smoke from the seeds showed it to have a lifesaving effect on cattle infected with various disease according to the Bedoul tribe. Harmla vapor sauna is also used by the bedouin just like the Red Indians sweat lodge or medicine lodge.
According to Dorling Kindersley’s Encyclopedia of Herbs: “Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo both claimed that, owing to rue's metaphysical powers, their eyesight and creative inner vision had been improved. Branches of rue were used to sprinkle holy water before High Mass, and it was an important strewing herb and anti-plague plant.”
Dried capsules of Harmal  “syrian rue” some time mixed with other tree gum are placed onto red hot charcoal, where they explode with little popping noises, releasing a fragrant smoke that is inhaled. In Yemen it was used to treat depression, and it has been established in the laboratory that harmaline, an active ingredient in Peganum harmala, is a central nervous system stimulant and a inhibitor of MAO, a family of enzymes that catalyze the oxidation of monoamines.
Wadi Arabah Ziziphus spina-christi, Christ Thorn  (Bedouin: Sidr) an evergreen tree native to the Arabian Peninsula. Ziziphus is from the buckthorn family. It grows in valleys up to an elevation of 300m. It has significance to Jews, Christians and Muslims. The ripe fruits are edible and the flowers are an important source of highest quality of honey.  This tree is well soaked in the folklore and ethno medicine. The traditional belief that a potion made of the Sidr leafs is the best supernatural remedy to expel demons. It is common, to find Christ's Thorn trees serving as sacred trees in many villages and at sheikhs' graves all over the Arabian peninsula. In the Sinai, barren women had to make a pilgrimage to a sacred Christ's Thorn.
Haloxylon or saxauls (Bedouin: Gathah, Qhathah). Haloxylon is a genus of plants belonging to the Amaranthaceae. Gathah wood, the most flammable wood in the desert.
Linear leaved Daphne (Bedouin:Metnan) in Petra. Use by the bedouins to make cleaning brooms for the tent.
Calotropis procera (Bedouin: Usshe’r) also known as Apple of Sodom. The toxic milky sap that the “Balsam” was made from is extremely bitter can be seen dripping like liquid milk. The milky sap contains a complex mix of chemicals, some of which are steroidal heart poisons known as "cardiac aglycones". These belong to the same chemical family as similar chemicals found in foxgloves (Digitalis purpurea). It is used by the bedouins for kill toothache.
The fruit of the Usshe’r  tree when pressed or struck, it exploded with a puff, like a bladder or puff-ball. It is filled chiefly with air. The tree was described by Josephus the Roman Jewish historian, who reported to saw it growing near Sodom near the dead sea or “Ghour Al Safi” today.
In the center of the fruit a small slender pod runs through it which contains a small quantity of fine silk, which the bedouins collect and twist into matches for their guns.  It is also used as pillows filling by the Gouranies of Al Safi.  The fine fibre of the Sodom Apple may have been woven for the Egyptian Pharaoh and high priests?
The evergreen Carob tree (Bedouin: Kharrub Al Djin) at Petra. The carob genus, Ceratonia, belongs to the Fabaceae (legume) family, and is believed to be an archaic remnant of a part of this family now generally considered extinct.  It is cultivated for its edible seed pods. Carob pods are  consumed by humans. Carobs are also known as St. John's bread because, according to tradition of some Christians, St. John the Baptist subsisted on them in the wilderness. The seeds, also known as locust beans, are used as animal feed. They are also the source of locust bean gum, a thickening agent used in numerous processed foods. Molasses and a refreshing drink is made from its pods. It was underneth a Carob tree that King  Accordin to Legends of Palestine by Zev Vilnay the staff of Solomon was made from Carob Tree.