To the ancients, the white tree sap or liquid latex (mostly from Fig, Sycamore and Balsam) resembled mother’s milk, with its nourishing and life giving qualities, and its role in strengthening the immune system. This was apparently one of te reasons why the ancients regarded the WHITE MILKY substance as a Sacred or Divine substance.

There was a logical reason to associating Hathor with the milk-giving plants, as the goddess herself was a Milk and Life giver. To the Egyptians, Hathor represented the Babylonian goddess Ishtar, and the Nabatean goddess Al Uzza.

Hathor the cow-headed goddess was the revered protectress of womanhood; the lady of the Sycamore / Fig trees: the lady of turquoise: goddess of love, tombs, music and songs. It was Hathor’s milk that granted the Pharaohs their divinity, thus making gods in their own right. The Pharaohs were said to feed on Hathor’s milk just as the Babylonian kings had fed on the milk of Ishtar.

In tomb paintings, Hathor is often depicted as leaning down from the tree to pour wine and offer bread to souls in the afterlife. This offers an analogy with the Melchizedek communion. Very early on in history, Hathor was thought of as a goddess of healing powers. Her early identification with the tree and the white milky substance indicate that the white sap or latex was extensively used among the shepherds for medicinal purposes. A second possible reason for Hathor’s identification with our mystery substance lies in the fact that Hathor was worshiped as the Mistress of Drunkenness, the sycamore fruit and a variety of wild fig. Nourished by the copper mineral rich soil, these trees might have possessed intoxicating or consciousness altering effects.

As Mistress of Inebriety, Hathor had dominion over all altered states of consciousness, so it would be reasonable to link her with an intoxicating or narcotic sap or fruit. Unfortunately, the secret preparation method of the white sap to produce such psychotropic effects has been lost in time. As for the way in which the Egyptian Hathor cult initiates used the sycamore fig, the wild fig or the balsam plant as a hallucinogen or aphrodisiac, that will probably never be discovered.

Goddess mythology and cultic practices were passed back and forth between Edom, Midian, Sinai, and Egypt. Egyptian turquoise came from the Southeastern Sinai coast, from Temna near Aqaba, and from Wadi Fennan. If New Kingdom Egyptians imagined two great turquoise sycamores growing out of the Sinai sands, then they must have been talking about the Common Fig tree. This is because Sycamore is not native to the Sinai, unless seedlings had been transplanted to some frost-free oasis and carefully tended for years.

We don't know exactly when Hathor decided to take up residence among the copper mines, but it was certainly long before her worship had begun at the Egyptian temple, or in the Sinai at the temple of Serabit el-Khadim, where she was called the "Mistress of Turquoise".

Hathor was described both as the Great Wild Cow, and as the “vast heaven that holds the sun, the moon, and the stars.” These precepts must have been one of the shepherd kings’ abstract notions of divine power. Shepherds must have felt divine presence in the wilderness of the desert, spending their days stalking camels and goats, which grazed on the medicinal and narcotic plants in the area; the shepherds drank the alkoloidal rich milk and ate wild fruit. At nights, they gazed upon the stars, in front of fires created from the wood of the desert trees, and inhaled the fumes. These were the same shepherds who felt Hathor’s powerful presence each time they went into the wilderness, with their natural or milk-induced high. They were the same shepherds who felt Hathor’s wondrous presence each time a woman conceived and gave birth.

According to the shepherds, Hathor was an archaic mother-goddess, the heavenly mother of all the shepherd kings. The cult of Hathor seems to have sprung from the dawn of nomadic shepherd culture. It arose at the time of animal domestication, as humans contemplated death and rebirth, transformation, and alchemy.

The Fig tree (Bedouin: Teen) is indigenous to the rock and gorges of Wadi Rum, Petra, and Sinai. The wild Fig white milky sap contains a complex mix of chemicals. The fruits of this tree were a common food for the ancient nomad and the shepherd boys. The fruits of the wild fig tree is not recommended to be eaten on an empty stomach early in the morning, as it might cause some delusion, a property that gave the tree another name of “Crazy fig” by some bedouins. Until now the white milky sap taken from broken brunches of tree is also used by bedouins for curdling to make cheese. Its leaves is burnt on charcoal along with harmala seeds inside a tent for inhalation is used for goat herd treatment. A treatment used by the Judeilat of the Bedoul tribe in case if the goat herd started to give runny and not thick consistent milk.
In the tropics the Ficus tree is important, as objects of worship in most indigenous cultures. The writing of the 1st century BC Greek historian Diodorus Siculus seems to mentions this fruit: "Being eaten, it has the power to effect fantasy. their priests will sometimes used the fruit to bring on such fantasy, which they say is the voice of their God."
The young wild Fig tree raised on the veins of Peta Cambrian age rock formation. The tree is found in nature comming out of the rocks only in the shaded areas and gourges. Copper compounds are commonly encountered as salts of Cu2+, Copper salt concentration in the soil seems to be an essential trace nutrient to Hathor’s trees (the sycamore and the fig,) which have a special relation with this soil.
The big rock carving along the gorge leading to Petra old city, dedicated to the Nabatean deity Al Uzza "Hathor". Next to the rock carving, a wild fig tree commnig from the same place that once stood a giant fig tree.
The carved shapes for the diety seems to be rectangular in shape. Esotericaly such shapes represent the earth energies and powers.

Hathor, Mistress Of The Shepherds